„The surface of things gives enjoyment, their interiority gives lifes. – Piet Mondrian
I’ve told you already a lot and we’ve been through a lot of epochs, quiet fast. Therefore I would like to introduce and explore the topic Plastic – or rather the expressive and cubist sculpture.
When someone thinks of Expressionism or Cubism, the first thought which comes into mind is the outstanding works of paintings. However, fact is that the plastic within these times should play a big part within those times too.
„[The] treatment of the subject is full of emotional tension. [Man] expects from the viewer an emphatic response. The gesture dominates over the measure, which leads to unconventional forms expressing excessive emotion.“ (quoted. Barron 1984).
Same as in the process of painting, the expressive sculptor aims to create and express the inner experience. This can be achieved by employing distinctive colours and characteristically or almost completely distorted forms. Known representatives were, for example, Georg Kolbe (1877 – 1947), Käthe Kollwitz (1867 – 1945) or Ernst Barlach (1870-1938).
Forerunner and pioneer of the Cubist sculpture apply to Aristide Maillol (1861-1944). „His goal was ruled by the cubic unity of the body and the strict form.“ (Quoted, Lohr chamber after 5, p. 63) The Cubists were different from his style, due to the fact that they no longer searched for the ideal shape. However, they added individual views on a composition together. The sculptures were a game out of surfaces, modified or simplified forms, as well as light and shadow.
Alexander Archipenko (1887 – 1964) was a representative of the cubist sculpture. His main focus was on the interplay of positive and negative as well as convex concave shapes. He also liked to use colours to design his works.
Particularly noteworthy is the sculptor Rudolf Belling (1886 – 1972). He was focusing on the relationship between volume and space. More specifically, he examined how to artistically bring body and cavity into consistent. An excellent example of these studies is his sculpture „Triad“ (1919).
Furthermore, the cubism plastic was influencing the intensions of plastic within the futurism and I think those within the expressionism are a topic which should not be left on aside.
Coverpicture: (URL: http://www.writedesignonline.com/Prompts/Barlach-Avenger.jpg, received, 03.10.14)
1. picture: (URL: http://images.artnet.com/images_DE/magazine/2010-11/features/spesshardt/T%C3%A4nzerin.jpg, received, 03.10.14)
2. picture: (URL: http://p2.la-img.com/375/15897/5235109_1_l.jpg, received, 03.10.14)
3. picture: (URL: http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/pic%5CA%5CR%5CArchipenko%20Alexander%20Boxing%201914.jpg, received, 03.10.14)
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