Japonisme and it’s impact on the European art

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Dear W&P Reader,

It’s again time for us to jump back into art history – this time we focus on a very interesting topic. “Japonisme and the impact on the European art.”

As long ago as the 17th and 18th Century – the far east was known as the land of dreams. Chinese fashion, and chinaware, as well as silk and porcelain was known as status symbols of wealth.  However, the art japans earned it appriciation, once the world trade opened it’s doors around 1855. Well known artists were showing their affinity towards the japanese art, and were totally open minded about it. Manet (1832 – 1883) was portraying a woodcuts from Japan on his canvas and Monet (1840 – 1926) got inspired and decided to rebuilt in his garden, Giverny, a japanese wooden bridge.

Particularly impressived was Vincent van Gogh (1853 – 1890) from this movement – Japonisme.  He changed his painting style completly. He was studying with intensitivity the woodcuts, due to his fasciationation for it – he even copied a few of them.  As for the from him known point-line structure, where he got excited about the unique 15-tame-sketch called “Manga”, which was created by the japanese artist  Hokusai (1760 – 1849).

http://www.tiendasdecuadros.com/archivos/images/050102-1345654749.jpg         http://pds.exblog.jp/pds/1/200908/01/65/e0168765_20383580.jpg

Within this art movement, there are so many fascinating art tools, which got used in this part oft he world. European artists, enjoyed using the extensive  woodcuts, asymmetry and extremly downwards diagonals – and much more.

Without a doubt, this japonisme movement was drawn towards art nouveau. As it’s main character was to emphasise the Ornament and lines. However, the main focus from this movement was, spreading within every area and country, in order to connect architecture, paintings and plastic into a whole piece of art.

The english representative known,within the art nenouveau movement, Aubrey Beardsley (1872 – 1898) – gained his success through his black and white book illustrations. His orientation was focusing on the japanise woodcut, but still he created his own unique artistic style. Another well known artist within the art nenouveau movement was Gustav Klimt.


“Whoever wants to know something about me – as an artist which alone is significant – they should look attentively at my pictures and there seek to recognize what I am and what I want.” Gustav Klimt

In Conclusion as always another intellectual approach: The dimensional,ornamental and the enhancement of the line – was new back then. How come that the japanese art was sluging such a big wave? What was so fascinating that the european artists, were using from now on the entire stylistic devices in order to express themselve? Or by just using easy way, in order to express the truth – might be the part of this change?

Coverpicture: (URL: http://travsd.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/6a00df351d62938833013482166cea970c-800wi.png, zuletzt besucht am 05.09.14)
1. picture: (URL: http://www.tiendasdecuadros.com/archivos/images/050102-1345654749.jpg, received, 05.09.14)
2. picture: (URL: http://pds.exblog.jp/pds/1/200908/01/65/e0168765_20383580.jpg, received, 05.09.14)
3. picture: (URL: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f3/Gustav_Klimt_016.jpg, received, 05.09.14)


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